Choosing the subject of the investigation stage is perhaps the most complex of all that occupies an investigation or research. Choosing a theme may seem apparently the result of systematic research, but usually is the result of circumstances and actions that involve chance and conscience (1). This last statement is common to any creative activity, either invention or reinvention.

We can generalize that an artist -the researcher is one- is a collection of cultural resources: where and how raised, and where you live, what books -or documentary sources- read, which are their nearby circles or groups of opinion -collectivities- … Ultimately, the particularities and peculiarities of his own life, determine what your interests are and where their learning targets.

Starting from an initial theme, the researcher follows a modeling process to suit their abilities and interests. This process can be defined as follows (2):

Planning time.

Although not very accurate in our forecasts, it is always advisable to list specific activities and assign them a specific time. This planning should include the phases of the selection of the topic and all its development, inefficient task in not having enough information to write it.

Guided by their own interests.

A very practical way to start the search is to remember what we want, think what we know and determine the starting point. Is there an easy way to do it, prepare three lists: the first with the issues that we have knowledge; the second, with that we would like to explore and the third set as the intersection of the first two.

Ferment of ideas.

The drawing up of lists we have provided a good range of ideas to be polish. Melissa Walker (p-47, 2000) states that “The branch is the alternative that presents the right cerebral hemisphere rather than the scheme.” Mind maps give us good support for organizing information and the projected structure before the setting-definitely-a logical sequence in a schema (3). However, be aware that the creative process is really complex and there is no one model that represented the rise (4).

Make the right questions.

Often, an excessive concentration or focus towards something translates into a loss of perspective. To recover from a perspective, one of the best tools available for a researcher is contrast it with others. To prepare for this action is recommended to ask the questions that we would respond on the issue. Once the need to rank their priority. Presenting them in this way, its contrast with other people is usually much more efficient.

Make a decision.

After the contrast and the implications that have led our sketch on the subject, we will be able to determine its structure and will have a rough idea of how we present, then the research should be addressed to someone . The final result of our investigation is a communicative act (5), document (6) that outlines the content, a message class (7).


  1. Romo, Manuela, Psicología de la Creatividad. Editorial Paidós, Barcelona (1997).
  2. Walker, M. Cómo escribir trabajos de investigación. Ed. Gedisa, Barcelona (2000).
  3. In this blog I usually use this type of tool, called generic mind maps software, and in this case is FreeMind.
  4. Tabor Greene, Creative Process Dynamics
  5. Pinto, M et al. Indización y resumen de documentos digitales. Ed. Trea, Gijón (2002).
  6. López Yepes, J. Manual de Ciencias de la Documentación. Ed. Pirámide, Madrid (2006).
  7. Pinto, M et al. Classificació dels Gèneres Comunicatius